THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE
REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
KILIMANJARO REGIONAL COMMISSIONER’S OFFICE
FORM FOUR MOCK EXAMINATION
CHEMISTRY 1 MARKING SCHEME
1mark@ = 10 marks
1mark @ = 05 marks
03.a)i) Close the air hole and Connect the burner to the gas using a rubber tubing
ii) Light the match and hold it at the top of the chimney
iii) Open the gas slowly to half way then to fully open position
iv) Open the air holes slowly after the gas is lit
(1 Marks@=4 Marks)
(b) i) It is transparent and do not corrode by chemicals
ii) They prevent soaking of water.
(1marks@ = 2marks)
(c) Because small change in volume can show large difference in volume. (1 mark)
4.(a) When we breath in carbon (ii) oxide, combines with haemoglobin form carbonyl haemoglobin that do not release oxygen to the body cell hence living cells lacks oxygen as a result a person may die. (03 marks).
(b) i) Water
(@1 mark = 3 marks)
(c) Fire class A (01 mark)
5.(a) i) Due to presence of delocalized electrons that are free to move.
ii) When high voltage of electric current is passed through it gives characteristic colour
iii) Water is plenty and accessible than any other component in first aid kit.
iv) Filtration is slow process but centrifuge separate quickly solid from liquid.
v) Heat and moisture from the exhaust increase the rate of reaction where by accelerate rusting
(1mark@ = 5 marks)
1 mole of ammonia occupies 22.4dm3 at STP.
X moles occupies 22.4dm3at STP.
1mole = 22.4dm3
X = 2.24mol/dm3
N2(g) + 3H2g 2NH3(g)
Mole ration is 1:2.
The number of moles of N2 required is given by
o.1 mol x 1 = 0.05mol.
Therefore 0.05 moles of Nitrogen gas required to produce 2.24dm3 of ammonia at STP.
6.(a) i) Finely divided iron (01 mark)
ii) Hydrogen – obtained from electrolysis of water or natural gas (01 mark)
nitrogen; obtained from air by fractional distillation of liquid air (01 mark)
(b) i) Reaction moves forward because it is exothermic
ii) Reaction moves forward (01 mark)
(C) Le Chatelier’s principle. (01 mark)
“When a system in equilibrium subjected to a change the position of equilibrium will change so as to eliminate effect of change” (01 mark)
7.(i) 20 ( 01 mark )
iii) Atomic mass = 40 (01 mark)
7.(b) (i) Sulphur dioxide. (01 mark)
(ii) Na2SO3 + 2 HCl NaCl + SO2 + S + H2O (1 Mark)
(iii) dissolve rain water forming sulphurous acid that pollute the environment.
(1mark@ = 4 marks)
- mark @ = 3 marks)
9. (a) Uses of matter
- Matter used for transportation example water
- Matter used for construction e.g. Bricks
- Matter used for photosynthesis example carbon dioxides
(3pts = 3 marks)
(b) Simplify communication
– Enable learners to understand elements quickly (02 marks)
(c)Using unhydrous copper (II) Sulphate
Using cobalt chloride
- arks@ = 2marks)
10.(i) Cathode – Hydrogen (01 mark)
Anode – Oxygen
(iii) At anode
4 OH– 2H2O + O2 + 4 e–
2 H+(aq) + 2e– H2(g)
Number of moles of oxygen
4 mole of e = 1Mol of O2
0.02 Mol =?
= 0.02 x 1= 0.005mol. (1.5 marks)
Number of mole of H2
2 Mols of e = 1 Mol of H2
0.02 Mol = x
= 0.01 Mol (1.5 Marks)
- (a) Diamond
b) Carbon dioxide turns lime water milky
c) Na2S2O3(aq) + 2HCl(aq) 2NaCl(aq) + SO2(g) + S(s) + H2O(l) (01 mark)
2Na(aq)+ + S2O3(aq)2-+ 2H+ + 2Cl– 2Na+ (aq) + 2Cl–(aq) + SO2(g) +S(s) + H2O(l)
+ 2H+(aq) SO2(s) + S(s) + H2O(l) (02 marks)
12.(a) Alkyl group; is hydrocarbon with one hydrogen atom removed.( 01 Mark)
(b) i) CnH2n+2
iii) CnH2n+1OH (01 mark@)
c) i) 8- chlorohept 3-yne.
ii) 3, 3-dimethylbutan-2-ol
iii) Butane (01 mark @)
13. Meaning of environmental degradation (1.5 marks)
Measures to minimize environmental degradation( any 6 pts @ 2marks)
- Lower impact mining technique
- Use of eco- friendly equipment
- Reusing mining waste
- Shutting illegal mining
- Rehabilitating mining sites.
- Improving mining sustainability
Conclusion 1.5 marks
14.meaning of soil fertility (1.5 marks)
Importance of soil fertility (6 points @ 2marks)
- Provide nutrient to the plants
- Provides support
- Prevents plants from diseases
- Provides support to the plant
- Ensure high yield
- Improve soil aeration
Conclusion (1.5 marks)